Publications

A dive into Microsoft Defender for Identity

mer 23/11/2022 - 13:10
Pentest
We recently analyzed the detection capabilities of Microsoft Defender for Identity, a cloud-based security solution which is the successor of Microsoft Advanced Threat Analytics and part of Microsoft Defender 365. This article will present its architecture, analyze its detection logic and abilities and present some bypasses, as well as general Red Team advices to stay under the Blue Team’s radar.

PHP filters chain: What is it and how to use it

mar 18/10/2022 - 15:43
Pentest
Searching for new gadget chains to exploit deserialization vulnerabilities can be tedious. In this article we will explain how to combine a recently discovered technique called PHP filters [LOKNOP-GIST], to transform file inclusion primitives in PHP applications to remote code execution. To support our explanations we will rely on a Laravel file inclusion gadget chains that was discovered during this research.

Persistent PHP payloads in PNGs: How to inject PHP code in an image – and keep it there !

lun 10/10/2022 - 17:00
Pentest
During the assessment of a PHP application, we recently came across a file upload vulnerability allowing the interpretation of PHP code inserted into valid PNG files. However, the image processing performed by the application forced us to dig deeper into the different techniques available to inject PHP payloads into this particular file format - and to make it persist through image transformations. These investigations allowed us to successfully exploit the vulnerability, and are summarized in this article.

Traces of Windows remote command execution

mar 13/09/2022 - 15:34
CSIRT
Pentest
A real ninja leaves no traces. However, in the Windows context, a lot of information are disseminated when performing actions and can be leveraged by DFIR analysts. Focusing on remote command execution techniques used by attackers and red-teamers, this article aims to get a collection of artifacts that can collected by analysts.

Exploiting CVE-2022-24816: A code injection in the jt-jiffle extension of GeoServer

ven 12/08/2022 - 17:49
Pentest
During one of our assessments we came across a server running GeoServer version 2.17.2. This version is outdated and affected by multiple security vulnerabilities. Among those vulnerabilities, one looked more promising than the others: CVE-2022-24816. This vulnerability is a code injection flaw in jt-jiffle that leads to an unauthenticated remote code execution.

CVE-2022-31813: Forwarding addresses is hard

mar 26/07/2022 - 10:00
Exploit
Pentest
A few weeks ago, version 2.4.54 of Apache HTTPD server was released. It includes a fix for CVE-2022-31813, a vulnerability we identified in mod_proxy that could affect unsuspecting applications served by an Apache reverse proxy. Let's see why it is rated as low in the software changelog and why it still matters. TL;DR: when in doubt, patch!

elFinder: The story of a repwning

mer 30/03/2022 - 11:01
Exploit
Pentest
We recently identified a path traversal issue in the elFinder software. It is assigned CVE identifier CVE-2022-26960. While the vulnerability is pretty classical, the story of its discovery is not. Keep on reading for the details.

Finding gadgets like it's 2022

lun 14/03/2022 - 14:30
Pentest
So you have found an application vulnerable to Log4Shell, but the bypass gadgets are not working, and you did not manage to use a gadget from Ysoserial? If you read our last articles on finding Java gadgets you might have found a new one with gadget inspector. But what if gadget inspector did not find a valid chain? You might stop and be desperate because, as we saw, manual gadget research is not an easy task! In this article we will present a new methodology and multiple CodeQL queries to find gadget chains in Java a...

How to exploit CVE-2021-40539 on ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus

jeu 04/11/2021 - 11:32
Exploit
Pentest
During a penetration test we encountered the ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus (ADSS) solution. ADSS offers multiple functionalities such as managing password policies for administrators or self password reset/account unlock for Active Directory users. We decided to dig into this solution. However, our research barely started that a wild exploitation on this solution was announced. In this article we will explore the details of several vulnerabilities that allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code on the ...

Car hijacking swapping a single bit

mar 26/10/2021 - 10:40
Hardware
Exploit
Pentest
Used to interact with various ECU (Electronic Control Unit) in a car, the UDS (Unified Diagnostic Services) service is widely deployed by car constructors. This generic high level protocol is used to extract ECUs state, configure them or even update their firmware. When the implementation lacks cryptography support inside an ECU, the security level can decrease dramatically. This short blog post presents an hardware attack leveraging all diagnostic functions to an unauthorized tester.