Publications

Persistent PHP payloads in PNGs: How to inject PHP code in an image – and keep it there !

10/10/2022
Pentest
During the assessment of a PHP application, we recently came across a file upload vulnerability allowing the interpretation of PHP code inserted into valid PNG files. However, the image processing performed by the application forced us to dig deeper into the different techniques available to inject PHP payloads into this particular file format - and to make it persist through image transformations. These investigations allowed us to successfully exploit the vulnerability, and are summarized in this article.

Traces of Windows remote command execution

13/09/2022
CSIRT
Pentest
A real ninja leaves no traces. However, in the Windows context, a lot of information are disseminated when performing actions and can be leveraged by DFIR analysts. Focusing on remote command execution techniques used by attackers and red-teamers, this article aims to get a collection of artifacts that can collected by analysts.

CVE-2022-31813: Forwarding addresses is hard

26/07/2022
Exploit
Pentest
A few weeks ago, version 2.4.54 of Apache HTTPD server was released. It includes a fix for CVE-2022-31813, a vulnerability we identified in mod_proxy that could affect unsuspecting applications served by an Apache reverse proxy. Let's see why it is rated as low in the software changelog and why it still matters. TL;DR: when in doubt, patch!

CCleaner forensics

20/06/2022
CSIRT
During a ransomware attack, right after the ransomware was launched, we noticed the use of CCleaner as an anti-forensic tool to cover the attacker’s action. The following article aims to explore some key features of this tool from a forensic perspective. We will see how to identify the items that have been deleted and how they could be recovered. We focused on the free desktop version v6.00.9727.

The printer goes brrrrr!!!

25/05/2022
Exploit
Reverse-engineering
Network printers have been featured for the first time at Pwn2Own competition in Austin 2021. Three popular LaserJet printers were included in the completion: HP, Lexmark and Canon. During the event, we (Synacktiv) managed to compromise all of them allowing us to win the whole competition. In this post, we will focus on how we achieved code execution on the Canon printer.

The reverse-engineering team presentation

13/04/2022
Reverse-engineering
A lot of candidates, or simply fellow reversers, ask us how our team usually works: what kind of technologies are we looking into? What kind of projects? Do we work solo? How do we handle remote? etc. The goal of this blogpost is to share what we can about our internals, so you don't have to reverse us.

elFinder: The story of a repwning

30/03/2022
Exploit
Pentest
We recently identified a path traversal issue in the elFinder software. It is assigned CVE identifier CVE-2022-26960. While the vulnerability is pretty classical, the story of its discovery is not. Keep on reading for the details.

Pwn2Own Austin 2021 : Defeating the Netgear R6700v3

25/03/2022
Exploit
Reverse-engineering
Twice a year ZDI organizes a competition where the goal is to hack hardware and software. During November 2021, in Austin, hackers tried to exploit hardware devices such as printers, routers, phones, home automation devices, NAS and more. This blogpost describes how we successfully took over a Netgear router from the WAN interface.