Publications exploiting hidden Organizational Units ACL attack vectors in Active Directory

Exploitation of Organizational Units (OUs) ACLs received comparatively little attention when it comes to the security analysis of domain objects permissions in Active Directory environments. Yet, their successful exploitation could lead to the compromise of all OU child objects, and thus to high-impact privilege escalation scenarios. Building upon the work of Petros Koutroumpis, this article will present how an attack based on the manipulation of the gPLink attribute of Organizational Units could be exploitable through several common ...

Quantum readiness: Introduction to Modern Cryptography

This article is the first of a series of articles regarding Post-Quantum Cryptography in 2024. It builds upon Synacktiv's 2021 article, "Is it post quantum time yet?", by presenting the evolutions that happened since then in the PQC world as well as various constructions that will be reused in the next articles. These articles will especially focus on giving the reader a good understanding of the attack surface one should consider when designing and implementing a PQC algorithm. This article considers that the concepts presented in o...

Entra ID Banned Password Lists: password spraying optimizations and defenses

Banned Password Lists is a feature of the Password Protection component of Entra ID providing additional security for password-based authentication by enforcing both a global and a custom list of banned words for user passwords. This article aims at analyzing its implementation with the objectives to improve password spraying attacks for red team operators while providing better defenses for blue teams.

Exploiting American Conquest

Back in 2023, we looked for vulnerabilities in American Conquest as a side research project. We found and reported multiple stack buffer overflow. Despite the publisher will not fix the bugs because the game is too old, we share today the details of our research. This is an interesting article for those who want to get started in researching and exploiting vulnerabilities.

VMware ESXi Forensic with Velociraptor

If you are a regular Velociraptor user, you'll no doubt have noticed the introduction of new features since release 0.7.1 that extend its forensic capabilities on various systems. If not, this article will show you how to leverage those new features in order to perform forensic analysis of a VMware ESXi hypervisor.

Java deserialization tricks

During a red team engagement, we faced Java applications exposed on the internet and affected by arbitrary deserialization from user-supplied data. After quickly identifying a well-known gadget chain, we noticed that a WAF was rejecting requests exploiting the vulnerability by detecting specific patterns of the serialized chain, and that an EDR caught our first exploit. Moreover, firewalls were strictly filtering outbound traffic, including DNS. This article will present a few tricks regarding the gadgets that were used to exploit the...

Arlo: I'm watching you

The consumer-focused Pwn2Own competition returned in Toronto in 2023 with the "SOHO smashup" category, but also added cameras under a new "Surveillance Systems" category. While we already had success with the Wyze Cam v3 and Synology BC500 in this category, other targets were also looked at. Therefore, this blog post aims at bootstrapping vulnerability research on Arlo cameras.

Using Veeam metadata for efficient extraction of Backup artefacts (1/3)

Veeam Backup & Replication is a widely-used software suite for creating and managing backups of virtual, physical and cloud machines. In a remote incident response, where efficient data access is key, Veeam metadata files can be used to list and search for Backup objects. This article explores the structure of Veeam metadata and how to use a Velociraptor artifact to restructure this data.

KrustyLoader - Rust malware linked to Ivanti ConnectSecure compromises

On 10th January 2024, Ivanti disclosed two zero-day critical vulnerabilities affecting Connect Secure VPN product: CVE-2024-21887 and CVE-2023-46805 allowing unauthenticated remote code execution. Volexity and Mandiant published articles reporting how these vulnerabilities were actively exploited by a threat actor. On 18th January, Volexity published new observations including hashes of Rust payloads downloaded on compromised Ivanti Connect Secure instances. This article presents a malware analysis of these unidentified Rust payloads ...

Exploring Counter-Strike: Global Offensive Attack Surface

Back in 2021, we studied the attack surface of Counter-Strike: Global Offensive as a side research project. We found and reported a relative heap out-of-bounds write vulnerability triggerable remotely, impacting code that is no longer present with the release of Counter-Strike 2. In fact, no patch was released in the meantime despite multiple follow-ups. We share today the details of this bug and our research about the attack surface and generic exploitation primitives.